An LED filament type design light bulb was produced by Ushio Lighting in 2008, intended to mimic the appearance of a standard Edison light bulb. Contemporary bulbs typically used a single large LED or matrix of LEDs attached to a large heatsink – as a consequence these bulbs typically produced only a 180 degree range of light. By the mid 2010s LED filaments were being introduced into the market by several manufacturers – these designs used several LED filament light producers arranged in the same or similar pattern to that found in the wires of a standard incandescent bulb.
The LED filament is composed of a series of LEDs on a transparent substrate, referred to as Chip-On-Glass (COG). These transparent substrates are made of glass or sapphire materials. This transparency allows the emitted light to disperse evenly and uniformly without any interference. An even coating of phosphor in a silicone resin binder material converts the blue light generated by the LEDs into a mixture of red, blue, and green light to create a specified light temperature. Degradation of silicone binder, and leakage of blue light are design issues in LED filament lights. Positive benefits of the LED design are potential higher efficiencies by the use of more LED emitters from lower driving currents – major benefit of the design is the ease with which near full 'global' illumination can be obtained from arrays of filaments.
Lifespan of LED emitters is reduced by high operating temperatures – in the absence of a heat sink LED filament bulbs may use a high thermal conductivity gas inside the bulb to aid heat dissipation.
LED filament lamps are patented.
A 230-volt LED filament light bulb, with a B22 base. The filaments are visible as the four yellow vertical lines.
Bron: WikiPedia (Engelstalig)